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Evergreen Woody Perennials

 

Buxus sempervirens "Rotondifolia" - Boxwood/Box

 
  • Height: Boxwood can grow up to 3-4.5 meters tall, but it is often pruned to maintain a desired shape and size.
  • Flowering Season: Boxwood produces small, inconspicuous yellow-green flowers in spring.
  • Care Tips: Plant Boxwood in well-draining soil and provide partial shade to full sun. It requires regular watering, especially during dry periods.
  • Pruning: Prune Boxwood in late spring or early summer to maintain its shape and promote dense growth.
  • Soil: Boxwood prefers well-draining soil with a slightly acidic to neutral pH.
  • Watering: Water Boxwood regularly, especially during the first growing season. Once established, it is moderately drought-tolerant but will benefit from regular watering.
  • Benefits: Boxwood is a classic choice for formal gardens and hedges. It provides year-round greenery and can be shaped into various topiary designs. Boxwood also acts as a natural privacy screen and adds structure to any landscape.

  

Lonicera nitida - Evergreen Honeysuckle

 
  • Height: Lonicera nitida typically grows up to 1 meter tall, but it can be pruned to maintain a desired height.
  • Flowering Season: This evergreen shrub produces small, fragrant, creamy-white flowers in late spring to early summer.
  • Care Tips: Plant Lonicera nitida in well-drained soil and provide full sun or partial shade. It is a low-maintenance shrub that is tolerant of various soil conditions.
  • Pruning: Prune Lonicera nitida in late winter or early spring to shape the plant and remove any dead or overcrowded branches.
  • Soil: Lonicera nitida prefers fertile, moist soil but can tolerate a range of soil types.
  • Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist, especially during hot and dry periods. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.
  • Benefits: Lonicera nitida is commonly used as a hedge or border plant due to its dense growth habit and attractive foliage. It also provides habitat for birds and insects.

Hedera helix - Ivy

 
  • Height: Hedera helix can climb up to 30 meters or spread along the ground as a ground cover.
  • Flowering Season: English Ivy produces small, greenish-yellow flowers in late summer to early autumn.
  • Care Tips: Plant Hedera helix in well-drained soil and provide partial shade. It is a versatile plant that can tolerate a wide range of conditions, including shade and poor soil.
  • Pruning: Prune Hedera helix in spring or early summer to control its growth and remove any dead or diseased foliage.
  • Soil: Hedera helix can adapt to various soil types but prefers moist, fertile soil.
  • Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist, especially during dry periods. Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot.
  • Benefits: Hedera helix is an excellent plant for providing ground cover, controlling erosion, and adding greenery to walls, fences, or trellises.

Sarcococca hookeriana "Purple Stem" - Sweet Box

 
  • Height: This evergreen shrub typically reaches a height of 1-1.2 meters.
  • Flowering Season: Sarcococca hookeriana "Purple Stem" produces small, fragrant white flowers in late winter to early spring.
  • Care Tips: Plant in well-drained soil in partial to full shade. It is relatively low-maintenance and requires minimal pruning.
  • Pruning: Prune lightly after flowering to maintain its shape.
  • Soil: Prefers moist, fertile soil but can tolerate a range of soil types.
  • Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist, especially during dry periods.
  • Benefits: Sarcococca hookeriana "Purple Stem" is valued for its winter blooms and sweet fragrance. It also attracts pollinators to your garden.

Mahonia x media "Charity" - Oregon Grape

 
  • Height: This large, upright shrub can grow up to 2.5-3 meters tall.
  • Flowering Season: Mahonia x media "Charity" produces vibrant yellow flowers in late winter to early spring.
  • Care Tips: Plant in well-drained soil in partial shade. It is relatively low-maintenance and requires minimal pruning.
  • Pruning: Prune lightly after flowering to maintain its shape.
  • Soil: Prefers moist, acidic soil but can tolerate a range of soil types.
  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry periods.
  • Benefits: Mahonia x media "Charity" is prized for its architectural form, winter blooms, and attractive foliage. It also provides food and shelter for birds.

Laurus nobilis - Bay Tree

 
  • Height: This slow-growing evergreen tree can reach a height of 9-12 meters.
  • Flowering Season: Laurus nobilis produces small, yellow flowers in spring.
  • Care Tips: Plant in well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade. It requires regular pruning to maintain its shape.
  • Pruning: Prune in early spring to remove any dead or damaged branches.
  • Soil: Prefers well-drained soil but can tolerate a range of soil types.
  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry periods.
  • Benefits: Laurus nobilis is highly valued for its aromatic leaves, which are commonly used in cooking. It also adds a touch of elegance to any garden or landscape.

Prunus laurocerasus - Cherry Laurel

 
  • Height: Up to 6 meters
  • Flowering Season: Spring -  fragrant white flowers 
  • Care Tips: Plant in well-drained soil and provide partial shade. Prune in late spring or early summer to maintain its shape.
  • Soil: Well-drained soil
  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry periods
  • Benefits: Provides year-round greenery, attracts birds with its berries, and acts as a privacy screen

 Rhododendron ponticum - Common  Rhododendron

 
  • Height: Up to 5 meters
  • Flowering Season: Late spring -  clusters of purple flowers
  • Care Tips: Plant in acidic, well-drained soil and provide partial shade. Prune after flowering to maintain its shape.
  • Soil: Acidic, well-drained soil
  • Watering: Keep the soil evenly moist, especially during dry periods
  • Benefits: Adds a burst of color to the garden, attracts pollinators, and can be used as a hedge or specimen plant

Ilex aquifolium - Holly

 
  • Height: Up to 15 meters
  • Flowering Season: Spring - bright red berries that appear in winter
  • Care Tips: Plant in well-drained soil and provide full sun to partial shade. Prune in late winter or early spring to shape the tree.
  • Soil: Well-drained soil
  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry periods
  • Benefits: Adds year-round interest to the garden, attracts birds with its berries, and symbolizes protection and good luck

Quercus ilex - Holly Oak

 
  • Height: Quercus ilex can grow up to 20 meters tall.
  • Flowering Season: This evergreen tree produces inconspicuous flowers in spring.
  • Care Tips: Plant Quercus ilex in well-drained soil and provide full sun or partial shade. It is a low-maintenance tree that is tolerant of drought and coastal conditions.
  • Pruning: Prune Quercus ilex in late winter or early spring to maintain its shape and remove any dead or damaged branches.
  • Soil: Quercus ilex prefers alkaline or neutral soil but can tolerate a wide range of soil types.
  • Watering: Once established, Quercus ilex is drought-tolerant and only requires occasional watering.
  • Benefits: Quercus ilex provides year-round interest with its glossy evergreen leaves and can be used as a shade tree or as a focal point in the garden.