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Winter Stem Interest


 

Cornus/Dogwood - shoots opposite each other

Cornus alba "Sibirica" -   Red-stemmed dogwood

 

  • Height: This shrub can reach a height of 2-3 meters.
  • Flowering Season: It produces small clusters of white flowers in late spring.
  • Care Tips: Cornus alba "Sibirica" thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers moist, well-drained soil.
  • Pruning: Prune this shrub in early spring to maintain its shape and promote new growth.
  • Soil: It grows well in a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soil.
  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during hot and dry periods.
  • Benefits: Besides its stunning red stems, Cornus alba "Sibirica" also attracts birds with its small white berries.

Cornus stolonifera "Flaviramea"  -  Lime-green stemmed dogwood

 

  • Height: This shrub can reach a height of 2-3 meters.
  • Flowering Season:  White flowers in late spring to early summer
  • Care Tips: thrives in full sun to partial shade. It prefers moist, well-drained soil.
  • Pruning: Prune in late winter or early spring to remove dead or damaged branches, Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to retain moisture
  • Soil: It grows well in a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soil. Prefers moist, well-drained soil
  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist, especially during hot and dry periods, though Avoid overwatering, as it can lead to root rot
  • Benefits: Besides its vibrant yellow stems, it attracts birds with its berries and can be used as a hedge, border, or specimen plant

Cornus sanguinea "Midwinter Fire" - Coral-stemmed dogwood

  • Height:  can grow up to 1.5 to 2 meters in height.
  • Flowering Season: This plant blooms in late spring to early summer, adding a burst of vibrant colors to your garden.
  • Care Tips: 
  • Pruning: prune Cornus sanguinea "Midwinter Fire" during late winter or early spring. Remove any dead or damaged branches, and thin out crowded areas to improve air circulation.
  • Soil: This plant thrives in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Ensure the soil is slightly acidic to neutral (pH 5.5-7).
  • Watering: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water deeply and regularly, especially during dry periods.
  • Benefits: vibrant orange, red, and yellow stems of this plant create a striking visual display, especially during the winter months when many other plants are dormant. The berries produced by this plant are a valuable food source for birds, attracting them to your garden. Low Maintenance: With proper care, this plant is relatively low maintenance, making it a great addition to any garden.

Salix purpurea - Purple Willow 

  • Height: This tree can grow up to 2 meters in height.
  • Flowering Season: flowers late winter - early spring and a beautiful display of catkins in early spring
  • Care Tips: Salix alba "Chermesina" thrives in full sun and can tolerate a variety of soil conditions.
  • Pruning: Prune this tree in late winter or early spring to maintain its shape and remove any dead or damaged branches.
  • Soil: It prefers moist, well-drained soil but can tolerate wetter conditions.
  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil evenly moist.
  • Benefits: Besides its striking purple branches, it provides a habitat and food for birds, butterflies and other wildlife. 
    • Can be used as a hedge, screen, or erosion control

Salix alba "Chermesina" - Coral-bark Willow 

  • Height: This tree can grow up to 10 meters in height.
  • Flowering Season: It produces inconspicuous yellow catkins in early spring.
  • Care Tips: Salix alba "Chermesina" thrives in full sun and can tolerate a variety of soil conditions.
  • Pruning: Prune this tree in late winter or early spring to maintain its shape and remove any dead or damaged branches.
  • Soil: It prefers moist, well-drained soil but can tolerate wetter conditions.
  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry periods, to keep the soil evenly moist.
  • Benefits: Besides its striking red branches, Salix alba "Chermesina" provides habitat and food for birds and other wildlife.

Salix matsudana "Tortuosa" - Contorted Willow 

  • Height: This tree can reach a height of up to 10 meters, making it a striking focal point in any garden or park.
  • Flowering Season: Salix matsudana "Tortuosa" produces small, inconspicuous flowers in early spring.
  • Care Tips: This tree is relatively low-maintenance. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Regular watering is necessary, especially during dry periods.
  • Pruning: Pruning is not necessary for the twisted willow, but it can be done to maintain its shape or remove any dead or damaged branches.
  • Soil: Salix matsudana "Tortuosa" thrives in moist, fertile soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soil.
  • Watering: Regular watering is essential, especially during the tree's first few years of growth. It is important to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
  • Benefits: The twisted willow provides several benefits to the environment and wildlife. Its unique shape and attractive foliage make it a popular choice for ornamental purposes. Additionally, its branches can be used in floral arrangements and crafts.

 Rubus corkburnianus    - White-stemmed bramble

  • Height: This shrub typically grows to a height of 1-2 meters.
  • Flowering Season: It produces small white flowers in late spring or early summer.
  • Care Tips: Rubus corkburnianus prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil.
  • Pruning: Prune this shrub in early spring to remove any dead or damaged branches and promote new growth.
  • Soil: It thrives in a variety of soil types, including sandy, loamy, and clay soils.
  • Watering: Water regularly, especially during dry spells, to keep the soil evenly moist.
  • Benefits: In addition to its ornamental value, Rubus corkburnianus produces delicious edible berries that can be used in jams, jellies, and desserts.

Corylus avellana "Contorta Red Majestic" - Corkscrew Hazel

 

  • Height: This shrub typically reaches a height of 2 to 3 meters, making it a versatile addition to any landscape.
  • Flowering Season: Corylus avellana "Contorta Red Majestic" produces small, yellow catkins in late winter or early spring.
  • Care Tips: This shrub is relatively low-maintenance. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Regular watering is necessary, especially during dry periods.
  • Pruning: Pruning is not necessary for the contorted hazel, but it can be done to maintain its shape or remove any dead or damaged branches.
  • Soil: Corylus avellana "Contorta Red Majestic" thrives in moist, fertile soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soil.
  • Watering: Regular watering is essential, especially during the shrub's first few years of growth. It is important to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
  • Benefits: The contorted hazel provides several benefits to the environment and wildlife. Its unique shape and attractive foliage make it a popular choice for ornamental purposes. Additionally, its nuts can be harvested and enjoyed.

Leycesteria formosa  -    Himalayan Honeysuckle / Pheasant Berries

 

  • Height: 1.5-2 meters
  • Flowers in summer to early autumn
  • Plant in well-drained soil
  • Thrives in full sun to partial shade
  • Prune in late winter or early spring to maintain shape and encourage new growth, it can be cut back to within just a few inches of the ground in the late winter or early spring, when plants are dormant.
  • Watering : tolerates both wet and dry conditions 
  • Soil : Apply a layer of mulch around the base of the plant to retain moisture
  • Benefits :  year-round interest with its beautiful foliage and flowers attracting birds and butterflies. Offers a delicious edible fruit and can be used as a border, screen, or specimen plant

Phyllostachys nigra - Black bamboo

  

  • Height: This bamboo can reach a height of up to 6 meters, making it a striking addition to any landscape. Grows approx 2m a year
  • Flowering Season: Phyllostachys nigra rarely flowers, but when it does, it produces small inconspicuous flowers. Keeps leaves in winter
  • Care Tips: This bamboo variety is relatively low-maintenance. It prefers full sun to partial shade and well-drained soil. Regular watering is necessary, especially during dry periods.
  • Pruning: Pruning is not necessary for black bamboo, but it can be done to maintain its shape or remove any dead or damaged culms.
  • Soil: Phyllostachys nigra thrives in moist, fertile soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including clay, loam, and sandy soil.
  • Watering: Regular watering is essential, especially during the bamboo's first few years of growth. It is important to keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged.
  • Benefits: The black bamboo provides several benefits to the environment and wildlife. Its dense growth and tall culms make it an excellent choice for privacy screens and windbreaks. Additionally, its culms can be harvested and used in various crafts and construction projects.

bullet points : Height in meters, Flowering Season,  Care Tips,  Pruning,  Soil,  Watering,  Benefits